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Posts tagged with "nasa"

Cosmos - Carl Sagan - A Personal Voyage - Episode 2

▶ Cosmos – Carl Sagan – A Personal Voyage – Episode 2 – Video Dailymotion.

“All my life, I’ve wondered about life beyond the earth. On those countless other planets that we think circle other suns, is there also life? Might the beings of other worlds…

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Earth HD | Time Lapse View from Space, Fly Over | NASA, ISS (by Robert Gawdzik)

We Are the Explorers (by ReelNASA)

(via NASA’s James Hansen Arrested at Tar Sands Pipeline Protest | ThinkProgress)

(via NASA’s James Hansen Arrested at Tar Sands Pipeline Protest | ThinkProgress)

The Setting Moon Over Afghanistan by Fragile Oasis on Flickr.

The Setting Moon Over Afghanistan by Fragile Oasis on Flickr.

Full Disk Image of Earth Captured August 26, 2011 by NASA Goddard Photo and Video on Flickr.storm.

Full Disk Image of Earth Captured August 26, 2011 by NASA Goddard Photo and Video on Flickr.


‘Look through the cosmic cloud cataloged as NGC 281 and it’s almost easy to miss stars of open cluster IC 1590. But, formed within the nebula, that cluster’s young, massive stars ultimately power the pervasive nebular glow. The eye-catching shapes looming in this portrait of NGC 281 are sculpted columns and dense dust globules seen in silhouette, eroded by intense, energetic winds and radiation from the hot cluster stars. If they survive long enough, the dusty structures could also be sites of future star formation. Playfully called the Pacman Nebula because of its overall shape, NGC 281 is about 10,000 light-years away in the constellation Cassiopeia. This composite image was made through narrow-band filters, but combines emission from the nebula’s hydrogen, sulfur, and oxygen atoms in a visible spectrum palette. It spans over 80 light-years at the estimated distance of NGC 281.’
(via APOD: 2011 August 25 - Portrait of NGC 281)

Look through the cosmic cloud cataloged as NGC 281 and it’s almost easy to miss stars of open cluster IC 1590. But, formed within the nebula, that cluster’s young, massive stars ultimately power the pervasive nebular glow. The eye-catching shapes looming in this portrait of NGC 281 are sculpted columns and dense dust globules seen in silhouette, eroded by intense, energetic winds and radiation from the hot cluster stars. If they survive long enough, the dusty structures could also be sites of future star formation. Playfully called the Pacman Nebula because of its overall shape, NGC 281 is about 10,000 light-years away in the constellation Cassiopeia. This composite image was made through narrow-band filters, but combines emission from the nebula’s hydrogen, sulfur, and oxygen atoms in a visible spectrum palette. It spans over 80 light-years at the estimated distance of NGC 281.’

(via APOD: 2011 August 25 - Portrait of NGC 281)

Neil Degrasse Tyson on Bill Maher (by TheFutureOfTheUS)

'Highlights of Physicist Neil Degrasse Tyson's appearance on Real Time with Bill Maher on 8/5/2011. He talks about our future and what's left for the youth of today to have

The talk about what our tomorrow looks like.

Check out our and support our tomorrow:

Doing Cartwheels To Celebrate The End Of An Era #Astronomy #Photography #Quotes #Beauty #Imagination #Peace #Love












Physics isn’t the most important thing. Love is. ~ Richard Feynman
— This statement has been discovered to very probably be a misattribution, and seems to have been created as part of a paraphrase of Feynman’s note to the mother of Marcus Chown: “Tell your son to stop trying to fill your head with science — for to fill your heart with love is enough.” No nation is fit to sit in judgement upon any other nation. ~ Woodrow Wilson, (born 28 December 1856)

The forces of moderation and democracy must, and will, prevail against extremism and dictatorship. I will not be intimidated. … Despite threats of death, I will not acquiesce to tyranny, but rather lead the fight against it. ~ Benazir Bhutto (recent death)

Nothing is so galling to a people not broken in from the birth as a paternal, or, in other words, a meddling government, a government which tells them what to read, and say, and eat, and drink and wear. ~ Thomas Babington Macaulay, 1st Baron Macaulay (Date of death)

At terrestrial temperatures matter has complex properties which are likely to prove most difficult to unravel; but it is reasonable to hope that in the not too distant future we shall be competent to understand so simple a thing as a star. ~ Arthur Stanley Eddington

The external world of physics has … become a world of shadows. In removing our illusions we have removed the substance, for indeed we have seen that substance is one of the greatest of our illusions. … The sparsely spread nuclei of electric force become a tangible solid; their restless agitation becomes the warmth of summer; the octave of aethereal vibrations becomes a gorgeous rainbow. Nor does the alchemy stop here. In the transmuted world new significances arise which are scarcely to be traced in the world of symbols; so that it becomes a world of beauty and purpose — and, alas, suffering and evil.
The frank realisation that physical science is concerned with a world of shadows is one of the most significant of recent advances.
~ Arthur Stanley Eddington ~

Where they burn books, sooner or later they will also burn people
- Heinrich Heine

“That which does not kill us makes us stronger.”
— Friedrich Nietzsche


As you breathe in cherish yourself. As you breathe out cherish all beings. ~ Dalai Lama ♡

True originality consists not in a new manner but in a new vision. ♥ Edith Wharton

Unless you try to do something beyond what you have already mastered, you will never grow. ♥ Ralph Waldo Emerson

“Time heals what reason cannot.” Seneca

It’s not that I’m so smart, it’s just that I stay with problems longer.
~ Albert Einstein

Vision is the art of seeing what is invisible to others.
~ Jonathan Swift

I’ve always regarded nature as the clothing of God - Alan Hovhaness

An ounce of practice is worth more than tons of preaching.
- Mahatma Gandhi


One does not ask of one who suffers: What is your country and what is your religion? One merely says: You suffer, that is enough for me…
~ Louis Pasteur ~

The time is always right to do what is right ~ Martin Luther King, Jr.
selected by Kalki

Shall we make a new rule of life from tonight — always to try to be a little kinder than is necessary? ~ J. M. Barrie

Except for the people who were there that one day they discovered the polio vaccine, being part of history is rarely a good idea. History is one war after another with a bunch of murders and natural disasters in between. ~ Sarah Vowell (born 27 December 1969)

I am on the edge of mysteries and the veil is getting thinner and thinner. ~ Louis Pasteur (born 27 December 1822)

I am utterly convinced that Science and Peace will triumph over Ignorance and War, that nations will eventually unite not to destroy but to edify, and that the future will belong to those who have done the most for the sake of suffering humanity. ~ Louis Pasteur

There never is any such thing as one truth to be found in dramatic art. There are many. These truths challenge each other, recoil from each other, reflect each other, ignore each other, tease each other, are blind to each other. Sometimes you feel you have the truth of a moment in your hand, then it slips through your fingers and is lost. ~ Harold Pinter

Science knows no country, because knowledge belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world. ~ Louis Pasteur

Love is the distance between reality and pain.
- Robyn Hitchcock


It was no wonder that people were so horrible when they started life as children.
- Kingsley Amis

In all recorded history there has not been one economist who has had to worry about where the next meal would come from.
- Peter Drucker

Misquotations are the only quotations that are never misquoted.
- Hesketh Pearson


The wise man does not lay up his own treasures. The more he gives to others, the more he has for his own.
- Lao Tzu

Books to the ceiling,/ Books to the sky,/ My pile of books is a mile high./ How I love them! How I need them!/ I’ll have a long beard by the time I read them.
- Arnold Lobel

The skill of writing is to create a context in which other people can think.
- Edwin Schlossberg

It is true that I was born in Iowa, but I can’t speak for my twin sister.
- Abigail Van Buren

If you want others to be happy, practice compassion. If you want to be happy, practice compassion.
- Dalai Lama

There is only one way to happiness and that is to cease worrying about things which are beyond the power of our will. ♥ Epitectus

“Only from the heart
Can you touch the sky.”
- Rumi

Those who are free of resentful thoughts surely find peace. ~ Buddha

To begin, begin - William Wordsworth

The authentic self is the soul made visible.
~ Sarah Ban Breathnach ♡

Peace on earth can’t just be an occasional prayer it has to be a daily purpose.
- Cory Booker

“Look deep, deep into nature, and then you will understand everything better.”
- Albert Einstein

“Education is not filling a bucket, but lighting a fire.”
- William Butler Yeats

Freedom is not worth having if it does not connote freedom to err.

Gentleness, self-sacrifice and generosity are the exclusive possession of no one race or religion.

Glory lies in the attempt to reach one’s goal and not in reaching it.

In prayer it is better to have a heart without words than words without a heart.

Increase of material comforts, it may be generally laid down, does not in any way whatsoever conduce to moral growth.

Infinite striving to be the best is man’s duty; it is its own reward. Everything else is in God’s hands.

Interdependence is and ought to be as much the ideal of man as self-sufficiency. Man is a social being.

Intolerance betrays want of faith in one’s cause.
- Mahatma Gandhi

“If we give up the notion that everybody’s life is perfect but ours, we would be a lot happier. No one’s life is perfect.”
- Joy Browne

In order to create a happy century, a peaceful century we must promote the concept of dialogue.
- Dalai Lama

The Wheel of Heaven could wind to a halt: The World of Lovers will go on turning.
~ Rumi

Books are to be distinguished by the grandeur of their topics even more than by the manner in which they are treated. ~ Henry David Thoreau

All men are prepared to accomplish the incredible if their ideals are threatened. ~ Maya Angelou

Dare to live the life you have dreamed for yourself.
Go forward and make your dreams come true.
~ Ralph Waldo Emerson

There was never a good biography of a good novelist. There couldn’t be. He is too many people if he’s any good.
- Fitzgerald

Loving people live in a loving world. Hostile people live in a hostile world. Same world. ~ Wayne Dyer ♥

The greatest mistake you can make in life is to be continually fearing you will make one. ♥ Elbert Hubbard



There isn’t anyone anywhere that isn’t Seymour’s Fat Lady. Don’t you know that? Don’t you know that goddam secret yet? And don’t you know — listen to me, now — don’t you know who that Fat Lady really is? … Ah, buddy. Ah, buddy. It’s Christ Himself. Christ Himself, buddy. ~ J. D. Salinger

It is not the facts which guide the conduct of men, but their opinions about facts; which may be entirely wrong. We can only make them right by discussion. ~ Norman Angell (born 26 December 1872)

Let us face squarely the paradox that the world which goes to war is a world, usually, genuinely desiring peace. War is the outcome, not mainly of evil intentions, but on the whole, of good intentions which miscarry or are frustrated. It is made, not usually by evil men knowing themselves to be wrong, but is the outcome of policies pursued by good men usually passionately convinced that they are right. ~ Norman Angell (date of birth)

The responsibility of the great states is to serve and not to dominate the world. ~ Harry S. Truman (died 26 December 1972)

Hear from the grave, great Taliessin, hear;
They breathe a soul to animate thy clay.
Bright Rapture calls, and soaring, as she sings,
Waves in the eye of Heav’n her many-colour’d wings.
~ Thomas Gray ~

The obstacles to peace are in the minds and hearts of men.
In the study of matter we can be honest, impartial, true. That is why we succeed in dealing with it. But about the things we care for — which are ourselves, our desires and lusts, our patriotisms and hates — we find a harder test of thinking straight and truly. Yet there is the greater need. Only by intellectual rectitude and in that field shall we be saved. There is no refuge but in truth, in human intelligence, in the unconquerable mind of man. ~ Norman Angell

To each his suff’rings: all are men,
Condemn’d alike to groan,
The tender for another’s pain;
Th’ unfeeling for his own.
Yet ah! why should they know their fate?
Since sorrow never comes too late,
And happiness too swiftly flies.
Thought would destroy their paradise.
No more; where ignorance is bliss,
‘Tis folly to be wise.
~ Thomas Gray ~


People will forget what you said, they will forget what you did, but they will never forget how you made them feel. ~ Maya Angelou ♡

I am in you and you in me, mutual in divine love.
~ William Blake

Try not to become a man of success, but rather try to become a man of value.
- Albert Einstein

☮Peace will not come out of a clash of arms but out of justice lived and done by unarmed nations in the face of odds.
- Mahatma Gandhi

“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”
- Martin Luther King, Jr.

“Almost every wise saying has an opposite one, no less wise, to balance it.”
- George Santayana

For every love there is a heart somewhere to receive it. ~ Ivan Panin ♡

Go within; hear the story of sunrise from the Sun itself. Rumi

With an eye made quiet by the power of harmony & the deep power of joy, we see into the life of things. ~Wordsworth

Do not say ‘It is morning’ & dismiss it, see it for the first time as a newborn child that has no name. ~Tagore

Listen, my friend, to that song deep within you with which the essence of beauty calls to you. ~Faouzi Skali

Life rushes from within. ~Willa Cather

Life is a pure flame, and we live by an invisible sun within us. ~Sir Thomas Browne

All things depend upon the Unseen. All sounds depend upon Silence. Adyashanti

The vital person vitalizes! - Joseph Campbell ∞☼∞

Respond to every call that excites your spirit. ♥ Rumi

To reach peace, teach peace. — Pope John Paul II


If there were no ears to receive the message from the Unseen,
no prophet would have brought a revelation from Heaven.

A wise man asked holy Jesus,
“What is the harshest thing in the universe?”
Jesus said, “Oh my dear, the most severe thing is God’s wrath,
From that, even hell trembles like us.”
The man asked, “What shelters us from God’s wrath? “
Jesus said, “Leaving your anger at the time (of anger).
The origin of vengeance is hell,
And your vengeance is a part of that whole and the enemy of your faith.
If you are a part of heaven, your pleasure like heaven is everlasting.
Bitter is joining bitters for certain;
How can the breath of evil become a companion of the Truth (God)?
Hell is the anger and needs an enemy,
So it could live, otherwise a merciful one can terminate it.
If there were no enemy and foe in the world,
Then the anger would have died amongst people.
How can it live since it dies from the light of the (love of) righteous ones?
There are hundred thousands of darkness because of your anger,
Calm your anger, open your eyes, be happy,
Learn from your true friends and become a master (of love).”

Look and see
All that is good comes from the heart.
And all that is not good comes from mixing water with dirt.

If you chase after your desires, overcome by lust,
The mud around you will increase One hundred fold.
Salvation comes when you give up
The fancies and desires that opened the door to all your troubles, in the first place.
The only reason you cant give up your desires is that you are lazy.
Since you are the problem, it will follow you wherever you go.

Promise yourself that you won’t break your oath.
Otherwise the disease will remain and the cure will be lost.
If you stay firm in that oath, your soul will give birth to one hundred thousand pleasures.

Then this iron heart will turn into a mirror.
And every moment, a mature and perfect face will look back at you. (Rumi)

if you can finally hunt down
your own beastly self
you have the right
to claim Solomon’s kingdom

In the cracks of my mind
and in the crevices of my memories
lie places where I have been
and the places where I could be

Where the cracks end
is the beginning of me
and if the ending was any different
I would be you
and you would be me

Don’t weep.
The joy that has gone
will come ‘round again in another form -
Have no doubt about this!

A child’s first joy
comes from its mother’s milk;
After the child is weaned
his joy comes from drinking sweet wine.

Some people say about human beings,
“Dust to dust”, but can that be true of
one who changes from road dust to doorway?

If I was not so pitifully in love,
I wouldn’t then be standing at your door.
Don’t say, “Go away, don’t stand at my door !”
I wouldn’t exist, my dear, if I didn’t stand here.

”You think you are alive because you breathe air? Shame on you, that you are alive in such a limited way. Don’t be without Love, so you won’t feel dead. Die in Love and stay alive forever.”
❤Mevlana Muhammed Celaleddin Rumi❤ Amplify’d from

Doing Cartwheels to Celebrate the End of an Era

Doing Cartwheels to Celebrate the End of an Era

An image of the Cartwheel Galaxy taken with the NASA/ESA Hubble Space Telescope has been reprocessed using the latest techniques to mark the closure of the Space Telescope European Coordination Facility (ST-ECF), based near Munich in Germany, and to celebrate its achievements in supporting Hubble science in Europe over the past 26 years.

Astronomer Bob Fosbury, who is stepping down as Head of the ST-ECF, was responsible for much of the early research into the Cartwheel Galaxy along with the late Tim Hawarden — including giving the object its very apposite name — and so this image was selected as a fitting tribute. The object was first spotted on wide-field images from the UK Schmidt telescope and then studied in detail using the Anglo-Australian Telescope.

Lying about 500 million light-years away in the constellation of Sculptor, the cartwheel shape of this galaxy is the result of a violent galactic collision. A smaller galaxy has passed right through a large disc galaxy and produced shock waves that swept up gas and dust — much like the ripples produced when a stone is dropped into a lake — and sparked regions of intense star formation (appearing blue). The outermost ring of the galaxy, which is 1.5 times the size of our Milky Way, marks the shock wave’s leading edge. This object is one of the most dramatic examples of the small class of ring galaxies.

This image was produced after Hubble data was reprocessed using the free open source software FITS Liberator 3, which was developed at the ST-ECF. Careful use of this widely used state-of-the-art tool on the original Hubble observations of the Cartwheel Galaxy has brought out more detail in the image than ever before.

Although the ST-ECF is closing, ESA’s mission to bring amazing Hubble discoveries to the public will be unaffected, with Hubblecasts, press and photo releases, and Hubble Pictures of the Week continuing to be regularly posted on


See this Amp at via

Dec 8

Supernova Remnant- John Muir, John Lennon, Osho, Aristotle, Dalai Lama, & Siddhartha Buddha (Bodhidharma Day) <3 

Everyone needs beauty as well as bread, places to play and pray, where nature heals and give strength to body and soul alike
- John Muir

A small body of determined spirits, fired by an unquenchable faith in their mission, can alter the course of history
- Mahatma Gandhi

If you want others to be happy, practice compassion. If you want to be happy, practice compassion
- Dalai Lama

Very little is needed to make a happy life. It is all within yourself, in your way of thinking.
- Marcus Aurelius

Peace is not merely a distant goal that we seek, but a means by which we arrive at that goal.
- Martin Luther King, Jr.

Twenty years from now you will be more disappointed by the things that you didn’t do than by the ones you did do. So throw off the bowlines. Sail away from the safe harbor. Catch the trade winds in your sails. Explore. Dream. Discover.
- Mark Twain

The capacity to produce social chaos is the last resort of desperate people.

Bling bling with no end and no aim is nothing but a form of idolatry.

Non-marketplace values, like LOVE, struggle against a market-driven culture.

LOVE can change the world.

Freedom fighters keep track of the indescribable scars & bruises but refuse to be victims.

FYI: Black women are going to be the crucial part of the next wave of our collective leadership.
- Cornel West

As for the future, your task is not to foresee it, but to enable it.
- Antoine de Saint-Exupéry

We are but the instrument of heaven. Our work is not design but destiny.
- Owen Meredith ♡

Peace begins with a smile.
- Mother Theresa

Beauty is being in harmony with what you are.
- Peter Nivio Zarlenga

There is no brilliant single stroke that is going to transform the water into wine or straw into gold.
- Coleman Young

Anything that you can imagine is yours to be or do or have.
- Abraham Hicks

Every government has as much of a duty to avoid war as a ship’s captain has to avoid a shipwreck.
- Guy de Maupassant

I object to violence because when it appears to do good, the good is only temporary; the evil it does is permanent.
- Mahatma Gandhi

Even modern medical researchers have come to the conclusion that peace of mind is vital for good health.

Once you encourage the thought of compassion in your mind, once it becomes active, then your attitude towards others changes automatically.
- Dalai Lama

Sometimes if you want to see a change for the better, you have to take things into your own hands.
- Clint Eastwood

Poetry is a sort of homecoming.
- Paul Celan

Where thou art, that is home.
- Emily Dickinson

A day without laughter is a day wasted.
- Charlie Chaplin

For one human being to love another: that is perhaps the most difficult of all our tasks, the ultimate, the last test and proof, the work for which all other work is but preparation.

Surely all art is the result of one’s having been in danger, of having gone through an experience all the way to the end, where no one can go any further.

Be patient toward all that is unsolved in your heart and try to love the questions themselves, like locked rooms and like books that are now written in a very foreign tongue. Do not now seek the answers, which cannot be given you because you would not be able to live them. And the point is, to live everything. Live the questions now. Perhaps you will then gradually, without noticing it, live along some distant day into the answer.

The great renewal of the world will perhaps consist in this, that man and maid, freed of all false feelings and reluctances, will seek each other not as opposites, but as brother and sister, as neighbors, and will come together as human beings.

We need, in love, to practice only this: letting each other go. For holding on comes easily; we do not need to learn it.
- Rainer Maria Rilke

Imagine all the people living life in peace. You may say I’m a dreamer, but I’m not the only one; I hope some day you’ll join us, and the world will live as one.
- John Lennon

It is better to ask some of the questions than to know all the answers.

The wit makes fun of other persons; the satirist makes fun of the world; the humorist makes fun of himself, but in so doing, he identifies himself with people — that is, people everywhere, not for the purpose of taking them apart, but simply revealing their true nature.
- James Thurber (born 8 December 1894)

May memory restore again and again
The smallest color of the smallest day:
Time is the school in which we learn,
Time is the fire in which we burn.
- Delmore Schwartz (Born 8 December 1913)

A hero is someone who rebels or seems to rebel against the facts of existence and seems to conquer them. Obviously that can only work at moments. It can’t be a lasting thing. That’s not saying that people shouldn’t keep trying to rebel against the facts of existence. Someday, who knows, we might conquer death, disease and war.
- Jim Morrison (Born 8 December 1943)

I am not bound over to swear allegiance to any master; where the storm drives me I turn in for shelter.
- Horace

Better than a thousand hollow words
Is one word that brings peace.
Better than a thousand hollow verses
Is one verse that brings peace.
Better than a hundred hollow lines
Is one line of the law, bringing peace.

We are what we think.
All that we are arises with our thoughts.
With our thoughts we make the world.

All that we are is the result of what we have thought: it is founded on our thoughts, it is made up of our thoughts. If a man speaks or acts with an evil thought, pain follows him, as the wheel follows the foot of the ox that draws the carriage… If a man speaks or acts with a pure thought, happiness follows him, like a shadow that never leaves him.

Mind precedes all mental states. Mind is their chief; they are all mind-wrought. If with an impure mind a person speaks or acts suffering follows him like the wheel that follows the foot of the ox.

Hatred does not cease by hatred, but only by love. This is the eternal rule.
- Gautama Buddha
(Bodhi Day a traditional date of celebration of his enlightenment)

Only those who risk going too far can possibly find out how far one can go!
- T.S. Eliot

There is another old poet whose name I do not now remember who said, “Truth is the daughter of Time.”
- Abraham Lincoln

When the heart is innocent & the walls have disappeared, you are bridged with infinity
- Osho

As you go the way of life, you will see a great chasm. JUMP.. It’s not as wide as you think.
- Joseph Campbell

The essence of spiritual practice is your attitude toward others. When you have a pure, sincere motivation, then you have right attitude toward others based on kindness, compassion, love and respect.

Once you encourage the thought of compassion in your mind, once it becomes active, then your attitude towards others changes automatically.

Looking at the pattern of our existence from birth to death, we can see the way in which we are fundamentally nurtured by other’s affection.

Looking at various means of developing compassion, I think empathy is an important factor: the ability to appreciate others’ suffering.

I think that ethical behavior is another feature of the kind of inner discipline that leads to a happier existence.

We must insist on the observation that my right to happiness carries no more weight than others’ similar right.

I am convinced that everyone can develop a good heart and a sense of universal responsibility with or without religion.

All the major religious traditions carry the message of love, compassion and forgiveness.

The ultimate factor determining whether we have a healthy mind and a healthy body lies within.
- Dalai Lama

Give what you want to receive.
- Russell Simmons

All we are saying is give peace a chance.
- John Lennon

There is no meaning to life except the meaning man gives his life by the unfolding of his powers.
- Erich Fromm

He who asks is a fool for five minutes, but he who does not ask remains a fool forever.
- Chinese Proverb

Violence just hurts those who are already hurt…Instead of exposing the brutality of the oppressor, it justifies it.
- César Chávez

We come and go, but the land is always here. And the people who love it and understand it are the people who own it — for a little while.
- Willa Cather

The life of inner peace, being harmonious and without stress, is the easiest type of existence
- Norman Vincent Peale

It is more difficult to organize a peace than to win a war; but the fruits of victory will be lost if the peace is not organized.
- Aristotle

Let there be peace on earth and let it begin with me. There is nothing to do but be.
- Stephen Levine

When the mind has thus vanished, you realize eternal Peace.
- Ramana Maharshi

That’s all nonviolence is - organized love.
- Joan Baez

Human Beings, indeed all sentient beings, have the right to pursue happiness and live in peace and freedom.
- The XIVth Dalai Lama

The most disadvantageous peace is better than the most just war.
- Desiderius Erasmus

Treasure each empty moment of the experience. Something sacred is about to be born!
- Osho

It is every man’s obligation to put back into the world at least the equivalent of what he takes out of it.
- Albert Einstein
Amplify’d from

Supernova Remnant

In the nearby galaxy known as the Small Magellanic Cloud, a massive star has exploded as a supernova and begun to dissipate its interior into a spectacular display of colorful filaments, reminiscent of fireworks display.

The supernova remnant (SNR), known as “E0102” for short, is the greenish-blue shell of debris just below the center of this image from NASA’s Hubble Space Telescope. This delicate structure, glowing a multitude of lavenders and peach hues, resides in the upper right of the image.

Determined to be only about 2,000 years old, E0102 is relatively young on astronomical scales and is just beginning its interactions with the nearby interstellar medium. Young supernova remnants like E0102 allow astronomers to examine material from the cores of massive stars directly. This in turn gives insight on how stars form, their composition, and the chemical enrichment of the surrounding area. As well, young remnants are a great learning tool to better understand the physics of supernova explosions.

The Small Magellanic Cloud is a nearby dwarf galaxy to our own Milky Way. It is visible in the Southern Hemisphere, in the direction of the constellation Tucana, and lies roughly 210,000 light-years distant.

Image credit: NASA, ESA, the Hubble Heritage Team (STScI/AURA) and J. Green (University of Colorado, Boulder)


APOD: 2010 October 14 - Clusters, Hartley, And The Heart

Clusters, Hartley, and the Heart

Credit & Copyright:

Bernal Andreo


An alluring Comet Hartley 2 
cruised through
planet Earth’s night sky on October 8,
passing within about a Full Moon’s
width of the famous double star cluster in Perseus.

The much anticipated
celestial photo-op
was recorded here
in a 3 frame mosaic with greenish comet and the
clusters h and Chi Persei
placed at the left.

The well-chosen, wide field of view spans about 7 degrees.

It extends across the constellation boundary into Cassiopeia,
all the way to the Heart Nebula (IC 1805)
at the far right.

To capture the cosmic moment, a relatively short 5 minute exposure
was used to freeze the moving comet in place, but
a longer exposure with a narrow-band filter was included in the
central and right hand frames.

The narrow-band exposure brings out the fainter
reddish glow
of the nebula’s atomic hydrogen gas, in contrast
to the cometary coma’s
kryptonite green.

In the past few days,
comet watchers have reported that Hartley 2 
has become just visible to the unaided eye for experienced observers
from dark, clear sites.

On October 20, the
comet will
make its closest approach to Earth,
passing within about 17 million kilometers.

On November 4, a
NASA spacecraft will fly by the
comet’s small nucleus
estimated to be only 1.5 kilometers in diameter.

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Oct 9

Crab Nebula: Energy for 100,000 Suns - Carl Sagan On Courage In The Face Of The Vastness Of The Universe (NASA, Chandra, 11/23/09) | Flickr - Photo Sharing!

"Once we overcome our fear of being tiny, we find ourselves on the threshold of a vast and awesome Universe that utterly dwarfs — in time, in space, and in potential — the tidy anthropocentric proscenium of our ancestors. We gaze across billions of light-years of space to view the Universe shortly after the Big Bang, and plumb the fine structure of matter. We peer down into the core of our planet, and the blazing interior of our star. We read the genetic language in which is written the diverse skills and propensities of every being on Earth. We uncover hidden chapters in the record of our origins, and with some anguish better understand our nature and prospects. We invent and refine agriculture, without which almost all of us would starve to death. We create medicines and vaccines that save the lives of billions. We communicate at the speed of light, and whip around the Earth in an hour and a half. We have sent dozens of ships to more than seventy worlds, and four spacecraft to the stars. We are right to rejoice in our accomplishments, to be proud that our species has been able to see so far, and to judge our merit in part by the very science that has so deflated our pretensions."
- Carl Sagan, Pale Blue Dot (1994)

"A star’s spectacular death in the constellation Taurus was observed on Earth as the supernova of 1054 A.D. Now, almost a thousand years later, a super dense object — called a neutron star — left behind by the explosion is seen spewing out a blizzard of high-energy particles into the expanding debris field known as the Crab Nebula. X-ray data from Chandra provide significant clues to the workings of this mighty cosmic "generator," which is producing energy at the rate of 100,000 suns.

This composite image uses data from three of NASA’s Great Observatories. The Chandra X-ray image is shown in blue, the Hubble Space Telescope optical images are in yellow and red, and the Spitzer Space Telescope’s infrared image is in purple. The X-ray image is smaller than the others because extremely energetic electrons emitting X-rays radiate away their energy more quickly than the lower-energy electrons emitting optical and infrared light. Along with many other telescopes, Chandra has repeatedly observed the Crab Nebula over the course of the mission’s lifetime. The Crab Nebula is one of the most studied objects in the sky, truly making it a cosmic icon.

Read entire caption/view more images:

Image credit: X-ray: NASA/CXC/SAO/F.Seward; Optical: NASA/ESA/ASU/J.Hester & A.Loll; Infrared: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. Minn./R.Gehrz

Caption credit: Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Read more about Chandra:

p.s. You can see all of our Chandra photos in the Chandra Group in Flickr at: We’d love to have you as a member!”

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Oct 9

Stunning View of Starburst Galaxy - Carl Sagan On Romance & Science - (NASA, Chandra, 04/24/06) [EXPLORED] | Flickr - Photo Sharing!

"It is sometimes said that scientists are unromantic, that their passion to figure out robs the world of beauty and mystery. But is it not stirring to understand how the world actually works — that white light is made of colors, that color is the way we perceive the wavelengths of light, that transparent air reflects light, that in so doing it discriminates among the waves, and that the sky is blue for the same reason that the sunset is red? It does no harm to the romance of the sunset to know a little bit about it."
- Carl Sagan, Pale Blue Dot (1994)

"Editor’s Note: This is an archive image from 2006.

Images from three of NASA’s Great Observatories were combined to create this spectacular, multiwavelength view of the starburst galaxy M82. Optical light from stars (yellow-green/Hubble Space Telescope) shows the disk of a modest-sized, apparently normal galaxy.

Another Hubble observation designed to image 10,000 degree Celsius hydrogen gas (orange) reveals a startlingly different picture of matter blasting out of the galaxy. The Spitzer Space Telescope infrared image (red) shows that cool gas and dust are also being ejected. Chandra’s X-ray image (blue) reveals gas that has been heated to millions of degrees by the violent outflow. The eruption can be traced back to the central regions of the galaxy where stars are forming at a furious rate, some 10 times faster than in the Milky Way Galaxy.

Many of these newly formed stars are very massive and race through their evolution to explode as supernovas. Vigorous mass loss from these stars before they explode, and the heat generated by the supernovas drive the gas out of the galaxy at millions of miles per hour. It is thought that the expulsion of matter from a galaxy during bursts of star formation is one of the main ways of spreading elements like carbon and oxygen throughout the universe.

The burst of star formation in M82 is thought to have been initiated by shock waves generated in a close encounter with a large nearby galaxy, M81, about 100 million years ago. These shock waves triggered the collapse of giant clouds of dust and gas in M82. In another 100 million years or so, most of the gas and dust will have been used to form stars, or blown out of the galaxy, so the starburst will subside.

Credits: X-ray: NASA/CXC/JHU/D.Strickland; Optical: NASA/ESA/STScI/AURA/The Hubble Heritage Team; IR: NASA/JPL-Caltech/Univ. of AZ/C. Engelbracht

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Caption credit: Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics

Read more about Chandra:

p.s. You can see all of our Chandra photos in the Chandra Group in Flickr at: We’d love to have you as a member!”

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